江苏省盐城市盐都县郭猛中学中考英语总复* 8A Unit 4 Grammar-Checkout

发布于:2021-11-27 22:17:18

8A Unit 4 Grammar-Checkout

二、词组 1、为我的报告收集足够的信息 get enough information for my report 2、去北非 go to North Africa 3、跑向另外的方向 run the other way 4、寻找他们自己的食物 hunt for their own food 5、群居 live as a family 7、成群活动 work as a team 6、独自生活 live alone 8、生活区域的丢失 loss of living areas

9、穿在我身上看起来很可爱 look lovely on me 10、有很好的视力、听力和嗅觉 have very good eyesight, hearing and smell 11、失去生命 lose their lives 12、黑色的斑纹 black stripes 13、制药 make medicine 14、彼此很友好 be friendly towards each other 15、买动物皮毛制的衣服 buy clothes made of animal fur 16、给他们很好的森林地区 give them good areas of forest 17、挣很多的钱 make a lot of money 18、卖象牙 sell elephants' tusks 19、继续毁坏森林 continue to destroy forests 20、有合适的家 have suitable homes 21、直立行走 walk upright 22、看海豚表演 see a dolphin show 三、重点句型 1、“希望”长得什么样?What did Xi Wang look like? 该句中 like 意为“像”,作介词,反义词为 unlike。like 还有“喜欢”的意思,作动词, 反义词为 dislike。 2、如果走进热带雨林,我会看见一些美丽的鸟。I will see some beautiful birds if I walk through a rainforest. 该句中 thro ugh 意为“穿过”,“通过”,着重指从物体中间穿过;across 指在一空间内 从一端到另一端或十字交叉。 3、如果我不买,其他也会买的。If I don't buy them, someone el se will buy them.

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这里 someone else 的意思是“其他人”。else 可用作形容词或副词,作形容词时,主要用 在 who, whose, what 等疑问代词或 nobody, somebody, something, anybody 等不定代词之 后作定语;作 副词用时,放在 where, when 等后作状语。 4、大熊猫崽花大量的时间喝母乳——每天大概 14 小时!Baby giant pandas spend a lot of time drinking their mum's milk--up to fourteen hours a day! 这里 spend 意思是“花费”,常用 somebody spend time / money on something 或 somebody spend time / money (in) doint 表示“某人在(干)某事上花费??时间/金钱”。 5、它们的数量变得越来越少是因为它们生存的许多地方正渐渐变成农 田。The number is getting smaller and smaller because many of their living areas are becoming farmland. 这里的 get smaller and smaller 是“变得越来越少”的意思,比较级连用表示“越来 越??”。 6、如果农民们不停地索取土地的话,大熊猫就没有地方住了。If farmers keep taking the land, giant pandas will h ave nowhere to live. 这里 keep doing sth.的意思为“一直做某事”。 四、重点剖析 1、 条件句: 引导条件状语的词或词组有: if (如果, 假如),unless(除非, 如果不), so long as (只要),as long as (只要),in case (如果,万一),if only (只要),only if (如 果)等。如: 如果下星期日天气好,我们就去春游。 If it is fine next Sunday, we shall have a spring outing. 如果你不努力学*,就不会通过考试。 You will not pass the exam unless you study hard. 2、If 引导的条件句 (1)条件句表示将来可能发生的情况 ①If 引导的条件句可以表示将来“可能”发生的情况,即主句事态的发生有赖于条件分句 事态的发生。此时说话人或是把条件视为事实,或者仅仅提出条件,不作任何主观设想,如 果条件实现,主句内容便成为事实,如果条件不实现,结果也就不会发生。一般条件分句动 词用一般现在时形式,主句动词用 will / shall+不定式的一般将来时形式。如: 如果准备好了,他明天就把它带。If it's ready, he'll bring it tomorrow. 如果下雨,你们准备干什么?What are you going to do if it rains? 如果他到六点完成工作的话,我们就可以带他一起去。If he has finished his work by six o'clock, we shall be able to take him with us. ②If 引导的条件句也可以表示重复性、可预见的情况或*惯动作,此时条件分句的动词用 一般现在时,主句动词也用一般现在时。如: 如果老虎有了虎崽的话,它们就群居。 Tigers live as a family if they have babies. 如果北极熊饿了,它就从水里抓鱼。 If a polar bear is hungry, it catches fish from the water. 如果我许诺,我就会信守诺言。If I make a promise, I keep it. (2)注意
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①if 还可引导宾语从句,试比较: 如果明天不下雨,我们就去长城。 We'll visit the Great Wall if it doesn't rain tomorrow. 我 们不知道明天是否会下雨。 We don't know if it will rain tomorrow. 这里第一句中的 if 引导的是条件从句, 第二句中的 if 引导的是宾语从句, 意思为“是否”, 从句中的时态根据主句的时态而定。 ②whether 也可用于引导宾语从句,可与 if 替换;但 whether 可与 or 连用,而 if 不能。 我想知道她是否还住在那里。I want to know whether / if she still lives there. 他问你是否收到了那封信。He asked wheth er / if you received the letter. 五、中考链接 ( )1. What _______ you do this weekend if it _______? A. do; will rain B. will; rain C. do; rains D. will; rains ( )2. Hurry up, _______ you will miss the train. A. or B. so C. and D. but D. because of ( )3. I couldn't go to school _______ the heavy rain yesterday. A. because B. so C. of A. so B. but ( )4. Daniel was late for school _______ he got up late. C. because D. if ( )5. It was already five o'clock _______ we got home. A. when B. while C. because D. if ( )6. ---Which animal looks like a person(人)? ---The _______. A. tiger B. monkey C. panda D. elephant ( )7. I won't go to the meeting if it _______ tomorrow. A. rains B. will rain C. rained D. rain ( )8. Male wolves protect their families if _______ danger. A. in B. will rain C. there is D. they're B. other C. another D. the othe B. Squirrels' C. Giant pandas' D. Dolphins' ( )9. If I meet the robbers, I will run _______ way. A. the others A. Giraffes' ( )10. _______ favourite food is bamboo shoots and leaves.

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