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全新版大学英语(第二版)综合教程 3 *题答案(4-8)
Unit 5 Giving Thanks
Text A
Content Questions 1. He wrote them on a ship on the way to the island of Tulagi in the South Pacific on Thanksgiving Day, 1943. 2. Preparing a traditional Thanksgiving dinner featuring roast turkey made the writer extremely busy. 3. The writer was thinking about Thanksgiving. 4. He decided to write letters to show gratitude to those who had helped him in his life. 5. He had always accepted what they had done for him, but never expressed to any of them a simple “Thank you.” 6. He decided to write to his father, his grandmother, and the Rev. Lonual Nelson, his grammar school principal. 7. His father had impressed upon him from boyhood a love of books and reading. 8. He remembered that each morning Nelson would open the school with a prayer over his assembled students. 9. He recalled how his grandmother had taught him to tell the truth, to share, and to be forgiving and considerate of others. And he thanked her for her delicious food and for all the wonderful things she had done for him. 10. His reading of their letters left him not only astonished but also more humbled than before, because they all thanked him rather than saying they would forgive him for not having previously thanked them. 11. The writer learned that one should learn to express appreciation for others’ efforts. 12. The writer wished for all people the common sense to achieve world peace, and find the good and praise it. Text Organization 1. Parts Paragraphs Main Ideas Part One Paras. 1-9On Thanksgiving Day 1943, as a young coastguardsman at sea, the writer came up with the idea of expressing his gratitude to people who had helped him before. Part Two Paras. 10-16 The writer wrote three thank-you letters to his father, the Rev. Nelson and his grandmother. Part Three Paras.17-23 The writer got three letters in reply. Part Four Paras. 24-26 The writer wishes everyone to find the good and praise it. 2 Correspondents Letters Sent Letters Received Father Thanks him for teaching the writer from boyhood to love books and reading. Tells the writer how he, as a teacher and a father as well, felt content with his own son. The Rev. Nelson Thanks him for his morning school prayers. i Tells the writer about his retirement coupled with self-doubt, and the re?assurance brought to him by the writer's letter. Grandmother Thanks her for teaching the writer how to tell the truth, to share and to be forgiving, and for her good cooking and her sprinkling the writer's life with stardust. Expresses her loving gratefulness to her grandson.

Language Sense Enhancement I. 1) decades 3) had done wrong 5) appreciated 7) relatives 9) consume

2) undergoing 4) welcome reassurance 6) brought back 8) accomplish 10) representing

Language Focus Vocabulary 1. 1) sprinkled 2) in turn 3) reversed 4) repay 5) at sea 6) traditional 7) statement 8) longed for 9) in secret 10) unloaded 11) weep 12) under way 2. 1) stretch out 2) make out 3) hope for 4) turns (it) over 5) put away 6) brings back 7) got to 8) go about 3. 1) As supplies of traditional fuels diminish, people are working to increase the use of solar energy. 2) We accord high priority to meeting the challenges of economic and environmental development in the region. 3) While it is true that children of today are exposed to more information than were children of the past, it does not follow that they automatically become more sophisticated. 4) Since she borrowed those books from the library she has been immersed in British history and culture. 5) Everything changed in a flash on June 1, 2000 when he lost both legs in a serious traffic accident. 4. 1) I'd like to express my sincere thanks to everyone who has been so considerate of my wellbeing. My heart is filled with gratitude that words cannot express. 2) After everyone assembled on the playground amid the noise and excitement of the specta-tors, our coach again impressed on us the need to do our best in quest of excellence. 3) Everything I saw in my hometown was marvelous. I could hardly believe that it had undergone such swift changes through cultivating fruits, vegetables, flowers and the rest in the past few years. II. Collocation 1, fond of 2. sick of 3. thoughtful of 4. confident of 5. conscious of 6. critical of 7. guilty of 8.ashamed of III. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Usage To know what people really think, pay regard to what they do, rather than what they say. It is cooperation, rather than conflict, that will enable you to achieve your success. Ann made students think for themselves rather than telling them what to think. I think I'll stay at home this evening rather than go / going out. Most people are content to let perfect days happen at random rather than plan / planning for them.

Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (A) 1) at sea 2) Turning over 3) reverse 4) got to 5) repay 6) gratitude 7) assembled 8) immersed in 9) unloading 10) swift (B) 1) Instead 2) possessions 3) richer 4) breath 5) cherish 6) special 7) specific 8) shining 9) miracles 10) gift II. Translation 1.1). Grandma took it for granted that food prices would soar, so she bought a lot of rice. 2). I can quote you several instances of her dedication to science. 3). The 1980s saw the start of the swift development of some special economic zones in China. 4). Tension between the two countries stemmed in part from the latest spy affair. 5). Peter has worked in a law firm for many years. You can consider having him as your lawyer to act on your behalf when you need legal help. 2.Amid the atmosphere of Thanksgiving George was immersed in the diary left to him by his father, who died at sea after he completed two successive trips around the world. The diary brought back every moment George had spent with his father and many of the specific things his father did on his behalf. George's father used to impress on him the need to undergo all kinds of hardship in quest of excellence. He also taught him that nothing in the world could be taken for granted. Even today, George still remembers how his father would quote Aesop's famous saying "Gratitude is the sign of noble souls" and tell him to accord the greatest importance to it.

Unit 6 The Human Touch
Text A
Content Questions(P.172) ( ) 1. They found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so much in tune that they set up a joint studio. 2. Johnsy would be able to recover from pneumonia if she wanted to live. 3. She wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day. 4. She could see a bare yard, and an old ivy vine climbing half way up the brick wall. 5. Because she thought that she would die when the last leaf fell. 6. No. Because in the text the author mentions that Behrman was a failure in art. For forty years he had been always about to paint a masterpiece, without ever actually starting one. 7. He was upset that Johnsy should have such a silly idea. 8. Because they were afraid that Johnsy would die if the leaves on it were all gone. 9. She saw the last leaf on the vine. 10. It rekindled her will to live. And she realized that it was a sin to want to die. 11. He caught pneumonia because he painted the last leaf on a rainy and cold night in the yard and was wet

through. 12. Yes, he finished his masterpiece eventually. It was his fine painting of the last leaf, the painting that saved Johnsy. Text Organization (P.173) 1. (P.173) 1). She made up her mind to die when the last leaf fell. 2). She decided not to give up her life. 3). Behrman, a kind neighbor, who was aware of Johnsy's state of mind, risked death to paint the last leaf and save her. 4). Because it was so perfect the girls both mistook it for the real thing. 2. (P.173) Scenes Paragraphs Characters Events 1 Paras 1-2 Sue, Johnsy Sue's roommate Johnsy caught pneumonia. 2 Paras 3-8 the doctor, SueThe doctor told Sue that Johnsy needed a strong will to live on. 3 Paras 9-17 Johnsy, Sue Johnsy decided that she would die when the 1 last ivy leaf fell. 4 Paras 18-2.1 Behrman, Sue Sue told Behrman about Johnsy's fancy. 5 Paras 22-33 Sue, Johnsy As Johnsy was encouraged by the last leaf that wouldn't give in to the weather, her will to live returned. 6 Paras 34-37 the doctor, Sue The doctor told Sue that Johnsy would re?cover, but Behrman caught pneumonia him-self and his case was hopeless. 7 Paras 38-39 Sue, Johnsy Sue told Johnsy that Behrman had performed a kind deed without any thought of self. Language Sense Enhancement (P.174) I. 1) curling 2) looking the part 3) masterpiece 4) to excess 5) For the rest 6) smelling strongly of 7) fancy 8) light and fragile 9) slight hold upon the world 10) streaming Language Focus (P.176) Vocabulary(P.176) 1. 1) masterpieces 2) fragile 3) fancy 4) nonsense 5) cling to 6)endure 7) acute 8) whistle 9) mock 10) subtracted 11) Sin 12) flutter/fluttering 2. (P.177) 1) gave in/gave up 2) figure out 3) sized up 4) wiped out pulling up 6) wear away 7) sit up 8) hear of / about 3. (P. 178)


1) Illnesses usually stand out in childhood memories. 2) According to the bulletin, Albright College now offers a joint bachelor's degree program in environmental studies together with Duke University. 3) The new government is less oppressive, but violence still stalks the country. 4) There is scarcely any surface water in the desert. 5) The demand for change in the election law is so persistent that both houses have promised to consider it. 4. (P. 178—179) 1) It was dreary lying in the tent with nothing to read, so we built a camp fire. Soon the smell of steaks, bread and coffee mingled with that of fresh grass and earth. Other campers seemed to be doing the same. Here and there people were eating, drinking or dancing to their hearts' content, if not to excess. What a merry night! 2) Miss Florence, our music teacher, called to us to stop singing. I didn't realize why until Sally told me in a whisper: " You are not in tune with the group!" 3) The angry wife poured a bucket of water over her drunken husband, who was immedi-ately wet through and stumbled backward: " You can't do without drinks? I won't hear of any excuses. You certainly don't need it to turn loose your tongue!" II. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Words with Multiple Meanings (P. 179—180) He went to Paris on business last month. The train to Brussels goes at 2:25p.m. As soon as they arrived at the meadow, the shepherd let the sheep go. We went exploring together in the mountains. / We will go exploring together in the mountains. Let's go and have a drink in the bar. The store is going to close up soon. South Koreans went crazy when their soccer players beat the Spanish team in the quarter-finals. When Mother came out of the house, she found her children gone.

III. Usage (P. 180) 1. a little white wooden house 2. long, curly red hair 2. a large old round table 3. a cheap Indian restaurant 4. a huge cool chocolate ice-cream 5. rapid technological advance 6. a handsome young Chinese American Comprehensive Exercises I. Cloze (P. 181) (A) 1. in tune 2. Scarcely 3. in a whisper 4. cling to 5. merry 6. sat up 7. nonsense 8. fancy 9. sin 10. masterpiece (B) 1. mission 2. involve 3. jail 4. not

5. collect 6. deliver 7. beautiful 8. vocation 9. need 10. small II. Translation (P. 182) 1. (P. 182) 1). The red house stands out against the old trees that reach high up to the sky. 2). The salary in/for my new job is great, but for the rest, I’m not satisfied. 3). The waters of the two streams mingle near our village. 4). We should not mock at other people’s religious beliefs. 5). The curtains of the room are not quite in tune with the style of the furniture. 2. (P. 182) Here and there we see young artists who stand out from other people. They may be in worn out jeans all the year round, or walk barefoot / in bare feet even in winter, or drink to excess, or cling to the fancy of creating a masterpiece without actually doing any creative work. In fact, many of them act like this just to look the part, or to be "in tune with" other artists. They have forgotten that only through persistent effort can one achieve success.

Unit 7 Making a Living
Text A
Content Questions 1. A surgeon’ scar cuts across his lower back. The fingers on his right hand are so twisted that he can’ tie his s t shoes. His mother’s challenges and the voices of those who believed him stupid, incapable of living independently keep him going on. 2. He is a door-to-door salesman. His weapons are: dark slacks, blue shirt and matching jacket, brown tie, tan raincoat, hat and a briefcase. 3. He is afraid that someone will steal his briefcase. He was different in that cerebral palsy affected his speech, hands and walk. 4. First a school for the disabled and then Lincoln High School, where he was placed in a class for slow kids. 5. She was certain that he could rise above his limitations. 6. He applied for a salesman’s job. 7. With his mother setting up a meeting with a Watkins representative, as well as by his own persistence. 8. He lacked confidence. It took him quite a while to have the courage to ring the first doorbell. 9. He keeps coming back until the customer buys. He tells himself not to worry if hid day has not turned out to be profitable. 10. Because he was laid up for five months after band surgery and couldn’t work. 11.Like a home of the past era. He leads a solitary life. 12. No, he doesn’t. Because he lives a life of dignity. Text Organization 1. Parts Paragraphs Time of the Day Bill's Activities 1 Paras 1-7 early morning preparation for the day's work 2 Paras 8-25 mid-morning on his way to work 3 Paras 26-62 Last morning and afternoon door-to-door selling 4 Paras 63-84 evening eating a frozen dinner and doing some paper work 2. Paragraphs What is written about Bill's past

Paras 11-20 his disability, his schooling, and his hard struggle to make a living for himself Para 71 his back surgery and the selling of his house Vocabulary: 1) disabled 2) impatient 3) solitary 4) crushed 5) feel like 6) lashed 7) echoing 8) paused 9) betrayed 10) laundry 11) section 12) tilted 2. 1) cared for 2) hang on 3) was laid up with 4) are gaining on 5) kicked up 6) went off 7) drop ... off 8)straighten out 3. 1) … sometimes didn't register with her. 2) … in disorder, drawers pulled out, shoes and boots scattered. 3) … was transferred from Father's account to my account. 4) … a pledge to contribute 1000,000dollars to the Children in Needed charity 5) … the most profitable business in that province. 4. 1) gaining on; off balance; was laid up in; scar on 2) a cripple\ crippled ; surgery , limitations, in literature. 3) commission ; on the phone ; his territory ; never registers with


II. Usage 1. I never did go over these books, although I probably should have. 2. I know this is a personal question. You don't have to answer me if you don't want to. 3. I think this topic should have attracted far more attention from philosophers than it has. 4. "I think you're right." — "I'm sure I am." 5. "He thought that the condition was hereditary in his case." —"Well, it might be." 6. "Sugar?" ---- "No. Maybe next time." 7. The house is only a building. It is a place to live, nothing more. 8. DIANE: You didn't! Tell me you didn't! FATHER: Oh, yes. Anything for my children. III. Word Family 1.1) bored 2) boredom 3) bored 4) boringly 5) boring 2. 1) encouraged 2) encouragingly 3) encouraging 4) encouragement 3. 1) frozen 2) freeze 3) freezing 4) freezer 5) freeze Comprehensive Exercises I Cloze 1. Text-related 1) off … feet 2) signature 3) commission 5) laid up 6) surgery 7) territory 9) applying for 10) dignity 2. Theme-related

4) on the phone 8) disorder

1)didn’t 5) because 9) obviously

2) read 6) earning 10) value

3) come 7) doing

4) money 8) own

II. Translation I. I grew terribly scared when I heard sound of footsteps echoing round the hallway at midnight yesterday. 2. The name-brand sports shoes are guaranteed for 12months. 3. Snowstorms threw communications and transportation into disorder. 4. I’ve been suffering a lot of stress from work lately, I feel like taking a vacation at the seaside. 5. Living in an apartment is all right, but it has its limitations--- for example, you don’t have your own gardens. 6. Tom was born a cripple, with one of his lower limbs useless. Early in his childhood, he learned that unless he so exerted himself as to rise above his limitations, he could not earn a living, and unless he succeeded in making a living on his own, he could not win/gain the respect of others. That was the price he had to pay for his dignity as a human being. Tom applied for numerous jobs, only to be turned down, before he finally got one as a delivery boy for a Pizza Hut. He then worked as a sales representative for a sportswear company in a territory no one else would want. Today he owns a fairly profitable retail shop in his hometown, and hires several people to work for him.

Text B
2. d 4. d 6. b Comprehension Check 1. c 3. a 5. d Translation 1. 当时我俩并未意识到这一点,但那就是我们之间开始拉开距离的日子,是开始在家庭内部重新界定劳 动者的意义的日子。 2. 他没有想到的是,他的大儿子打破了蓝领规则的第一条:赚尽可能多的钱,过尽可能好的生活。 3. 爸爸就像家人期望的那样,学了一门手艺,过上了一钟预先设计的单调生活。 4. 与此同时,他继续他的蓝领生活,一块一块*鲎 Language practice 1. 1) h 2) c 3) e 4)f 5) b 6) d 7) a 8) g 2. 1) institutions 2) campus 3) myth 4) advertise 5) criticized 6) took on 7) putting…through 8) settled into 9) come down to 10) lucrative 11) loaded 12) scratch

Unit 8 cloning
Text A
Content questions 1. at his mother’s funeral, the writer swore that one day he’d do something about conditions like hers 2. one night,the writer went out for dreinks with another gentleman whose father had died of ALS. They talked about their parents then and wanted to do something as a legacy for them. The stem cell research company Stemagen thus came into existence 3. they are concerned about the reproductive possibilities of cloning when Dolly was born

4. human reproductive cloning is ethically wrong because the majority of reproductive clones in other species are actually abnormal,with very high miscarriage rates, very high stillbirth rates, fetal anomalies, death soon after birth,etc. 5. the writer shows a positive attitude towards therapeutic cloning. He holds that therapeutic cloning does not involve any type of rist to human life and actually provides tremendous potential for the relief of suffering in human beings who are undergoing some awful things. 6. the writer honestly thinks that someone will attempt human reproductive cloning and there is no way to stop it 7. because by doing so, they could make cloning very real so that people around the world know that cloning is coming along 8. their purpose in creating disease-specific stem cell lines is to study the causes of specific diseases,and then research a variety of treatments for these diseases. If the stem cell lines are created for any given individual and are later transplated back into the individual, they will not be rejected by the individual. 9. the writer holds that in reality it is transcendent because when you look through the microscope, you see what you may have looked like a long ago, at least in part 10. it brought teras to his eyes because the research was done for his mother,and he realized that if she had only been able to live a few years longer, maybe they could have used this technology to help her 11. in the process of analysis, the embroys were destroyed by necessity. In other words, to get the genetic material from inside the cells to analyze it, they had to destroy the cell\ 12. because the writer thinks that logically, an embryo is not life, although it is a potential life. The vast majority of embroys never become life—they just generate , don't implant and die Language sense enhancement 1) in some ways 2)make the most of 3)individual 4)replicated 5)roadmap 6)in place 7) resulst from 8)dissuade 9)Quite honestly 10)legislate Vocabulary 1.1) complications 2)tremendous 3)brillian 4)analysis \ 5)transplant , transplant 6)In a sense 7)consented 8)In some ways 9)eyesight 10)in reality 11)implanted 12) procedures 2. 1)focus 2)come forward 3)result from 4)go through 5)carry out 6)work on 7)feed on 8)settled over 3. 1)resulted from a childhood illness 2)was condemmed by the trade unions as endangering jobs 3)in place,even those with presistent, long-term mental illness can usually learn to manage their symptoms and live productive lives 4)but apparently showed disapproval of his behaviour 5)you should make the most of any advice which you can get from the interviewer 4. 1)misconceptions, potential, make the most of , 2)donated, cntentious issue, and opponents 3)a fraud , in some ways, condemn him II Collocation 1)permission to adopt her 2)a willingness to restart peace talks 3)failure to find meaning in life 4)his determination to realize his ideals 5)attempt to blow up the bridge

6)an opportunity to pursue a college degree III. Usage 1) do you consider it any good continuing your investigations? 2) It is reported that two people were killed in the explosion 3) I owe it to you that I have been able to get back to my studies 4) It is no good bothering about such a trifle 5) It wont do you any good to hide your sickness for fear of treatment 6) We all think it a pity to give up the experiment half way Comprehensive exercises I.Cloze 1.text-related 1) issue 2)contenious 3)clones 4)potential 5)condemn 6)misconceptions 7)opponents 8)results from 9)come forward 10)donated 2.theme-related 1) prospect 2)intention 3)despite 4)developing 5)publish 6)condemned 7)among 8)standpoint 9)standard 10)rejection II. Translation 1.1) Medical experts debated whether the cloning of human beings should be permitted and what its potential effects on society might be 2)eighty-five percent of the people in the local area in full-time employment ;only 3% describe themselves as unemployed 3). The departments concerned in China will speed up legislation to protect rights of migrant workers 4). In recent years, some psychologists have tried to explain intelligence from a biological standpoint 5). The global finanical crisis has had a huge impact on that country’s export industry. In no more than six months,many factories have closed down by necessity. 2. Dolly the sheep resulted from a cloning experiment by a group of Scottish scientists in 1997. A fierce debate on human cloning has ever since been going on. This contentious issue has focused on ethical and social implications of the technology:what the technology might do to the very meaning of human reproduction,child rearing, individuality, etc. The majority of scientists are adamantly opposed to reproductive cloning and support therapeutic cloning for treating diseases. The reason is that therapeutic cloning does not involve any type of relief of suffering in human beings. Scientists believe that with politics and monitoring in place to ensure that therapeutic cloning is used safely, we can all benefit from this procedure.

Text B
Comprehension check: 1. d 2, c 3,b 4, d 5, b 6, c Translation : 1.时至今日, 眼看着新一轮要求对克隆人全面禁止而非简单规范的呼声即将再起, 我倒想说: “慢一点来。 ” 2 就像禁止人工流产和婚外性行为一样,禁止克隆人肯定难以实施。 3.由于是人工生育而被认为缺乏道德,这样的苦境不是会糟糕得多吗? 4.因此,如果要禁止克隆人,其理由应比任何已经提出的更为有力才行。

Language practice 1. 1)c 2)h 3)g 4)e 2. 1)artificial 2)labeled 5)reinforce 6)by virtue of 9)prohibited 10)origin

6)b 7)d 8)f 3)objections 4)appealed to 7)come to terms with 8)in essence 11)debate 12)arise