输电线路基础培训资料

发布于:2021-11-27 22:14:12

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, n ot as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the pr omoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and striv e to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work f ragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a cc ordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content , t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng an d acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

输电线路基础培训资料
电力系统中电厂大部分建在动力资源所在地, 如水力发电厂建在水力资源点, 即集中在 江河流域水位落差大的地方,火力发电厂大都集中在煤炭、石油和其他能源的产地;而大电 力负荷中心则多集中在工业区和大城市, 因而发电厂和负荷中心往往相距很远, 就出现了电 能输送的问题,需要用输电线路进行电能的输送。因此,输电线路是电力系统的重要组成部 分,它担负着输送和分配电能的任务。 输电线路有架空线路和电缆线路之分。按电能性质分类有交流输电线路和直流输电线 路。按电压等级有输电线路和配电线路之分。输电线电压等级一般在35kV及以上。目前我国 输电线路的电压等级主要有35、 60、 110、 154、 220、 330kV、 500kV、 1000kV交流和±500kV 、 ±800kV直流。一般说,线路输送容量越大,输送距离越远,要求输电电压就越高。配电线 路担负分配电能任务的线路,称为配电线路。我国配电线路的电压等级有380/220V、6kV、 l0kV。 架空线路主要指架空明线,架设在地面之上,架设及维修比较方便,成本较低,但容易 受到气象和环境(如大风、雷击、污秽、冰雪等)的影响而引起故障,同时整个输电走廊占 用土地面积较多,易对周边环境造成电磁干扰。输电电缆则不受气象和环境的影响,主要通 过电缆隧道或电缆沟架设,造价较高,发现故障及检修维护等不方便。电缆线路可分为架空 电缆线路和地下电缆线路电缆线路不易受雷击、自然灾害及外力破坏,供电可靠性高,但电 缆的制造、施工、事故检查和处理较困难,工程造价也较高,故远距离输电线路多采用架空 输电线路。 输电线路的输送容量是在综合考虑技术、经济等各项因素后所确定的最大输送功率,输 送容量大体与输电电压的*方成正比,提高输电电压,可以增大输送容量、降低损耗、减少 金属材料消耗, 提高输电线路走廊利用率。 超高压输电是实现大容量或远距离输电的主要手 段,也是目前输电技术发展的主要方向。 输电专业日常管理工作主要分为输电运行、输电检修、输电事故处理及抢修三类。 输电专业管理有几个主要特点:一是,工作危险性高。输电线路检修一般需要进行高空 作业,对工作人员的身体素质、年龄和高空作业能力要求很高,从安全角度考虑,一般40 岁以上人员很难再胜任输电线路高空检修作业工作;输电带电作业需要在不停电的情况下, 实行带电高空作业,对技术和人员素质要求更高,因此该工作危险性较高。一般说来,输电

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the basic form of the party, t o carry out the daily manageme nt of party members s uch as democrati c appraisal system for ba sic s upport, w ell, into t he s chool, e ducation and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remol ding of s ubj ective w orld. You want to combine st udyi ng the party' s histor y, a nd make good use of the g utian meeti ng, caixixia ng surve y, G u Wenchang s pirit, Zha n Hongli ol d story a nd the County of Sue area, Us hida aga i nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site , contine nts, s uch as site of the neg otiations betw een the KM T and a wealth of resour ces, carry forward the party's fine traditi on a nd style , making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, per sist in combi ning pos itive education and the revers e 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o adva nce d models as a mirr or, to negative examples as a war ning. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent form alism a nd t he motions t o prevent r outi ne asi de, preventing e asy to ope n, how many notes do to j udg e study results. 1 . grasp t he self-study. Party members accor ding to t heir a ctual w ork and ne ed to devel op lear ning plans, choose t heir ow n lear ning conte nt and methods, re ally educate yourself. Party lea ding cadres shoul d read, lear n, a nd understanding of the origi nal pri nci ple, wit h convi ction, with a ffection, with a missi on to l earn, wit h is sue. A ll party bra nches to strengthe n the party members t o learn spe cific g uida nce propos ed lear ning re quireme nts, pr eparation of simpl e, popular study materials published making Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o a nimation, usi ng micro -party le cture s, meet party members ' diver se ne eds of different groups. Throug h readi ng activities and knowledge com petitions, learning outcomes, a nd stimul ate the e nthusiasm of party member s to study and initiative. 2. improve i ntensive dis cussi ons . 1 thematic focus on each branch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to orga nize party mem bers, ea ch st udy to determine on the topi c, every party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topics . Authori ties a nd i nstituti ons of the party w here the party members to partici pate in colle ctive learni ng time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups orga nize reg ular party members t o focus on. First topic i s "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of consci ous nes s", the time in 4 -6 months ; the s econd t heme is "commitment to a di sci pline d bott om line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 months; t he thir d topi c is "party member s adhere to the fundamental purpose, play" time in 10 -12 months . Each branch can be pra ctical, for f urther refineme nt and dis cussion topics can al so be adj usted a ccordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the chara cteristics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

检修人员可以从事输电运行工作,但输电运行人员不一定能从事输电检修工作。二是,输电 事故具有突发性。 输电事故处理和抢修工作属于突发性事故抢修工作, 不可能列入正常的输 电检修工作计划,在输电事故抢修人员和业务管理上与输电检修差异较大。三是,施工环境 大都比较恶劣。受输电成本和发电厂、水电站位置的影响,大多数输电线路架设在地广人稀 的高山、密林、荒漠地区,施工环境恶劣,条件艰苦,很多施工设备和材料无法通过车辆运 送,导致线路的建设和维护难度增大。 在事故抢修管理方面,对于一般事故抢修,可通过加强对抢修事故的统计分析,了解事 故发生的规律, 深入分析后确定需要配备的日常抢修工作人员数量; 对于日常工作人员不能 完成的抢修事故可通过外围力量的支持协作来完成,如破坏性较大的台风、地震、雪灾等严 重自然灾害发生时,对输电网络影响较大,造成的电网事故比较集中,因此可以集中一个地 市、全省甚至是全国电力系统的力量,开展事故抢修工作。

第一节 电力线路的结构

架空输电线路的主要部件有: 导线和避雷线(架空地线)、杆塔、绝缘子、金具、杆塔 基础、拉线和接地装置等。如图所示。

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

图 一、导线和避雷线

架空输电线路

导线是用来传导电流、输送电能的元件。输电线路一般都采用架空裸导线,每相一根, 220kV 及以上线路由于输送容量大,同时为了减少电晕损失和电晕干扰而采用相分裂导线, 即每相采用两根及以上的导线。采用分裂导线能输送较大的电能,而且电能损耗少,有较好 的防振性能。 (一)架空导线的排列方式 导线在杆塔上的排列方式:对单回线路可采用上字形、三角形或水*排列,对双回路线 路可采用伞形、倒伞形、干字形或六角形排列,见图 4—1。

a 三角形;

b 上字形;

c 水*形;

d 伞形;

e 倒伞形;

f 干字形;

g 六角形

图 4-1 导线在杆塔上排列方式示意图

导线在运行中经常受各种自然条件的考验, 必须具有导电性能好、 机械强度高、 质量轻、 价格低、耐腐蚀性强等特性。由于我国铝的资源比铜丰富,加之铝和铜的价格差别较大,故 几乎都采用钢芯铝线。 避雷线一般不与杆塔绝缘而是直接架设在杆塔顶部, 并通过杆塔或接地引下线与接地装 置连接。避雷线的作用是减少雷击导线的机会,提高耐雷水*,减少雷击跳闸次数,保证线

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of

different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

80

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

路安全送电。 (二)导、地线分类 导、地线一般可按所用原材料或构造方式来分类。 1、按原材料分类 裸导线一般可以分为铜线、铝线、钢芯铝线、镀锌钢绞线等。 铜是导电性能很好的金属,能抗腐蚀,但比重大,价格高,且机械强度不能满足大档距 的强度要求,现在的架空输电线路一般都不采用。铝的导电率比铜的低,质量轻,价格低, 在电阻值相等的条件下,铝线的质量只有铜线的一半左右,但缺点是机械强度较低,运行中 表面形成氧化铝薄膜后,导电性能降低,抗腐蚀性差,故在高压配电线路用得较多,输电线 路一般不用铝绞线;钢的机械强度虽高,但导电性能差,抗腐蚀性也差,易生锈,一般都只 用作地线或拉线,不用作导线。 钢的机械强度高,铝的导电性能好,导线的内部有几股是钢线,以承受拉力;外部为多 股铝线,以传导电流。由于交流电的集肤效应,电流主要在导体外层通过,这就充分利用了 铝的导电能力和钢的机械强度,取长补短,互相配合。目前架空输电线路导线几乎全部使用 钢芯铝线。作为良导体地线和载波通道用的地线,也采用钢芯铝线。 2、按构造方式分类 按构造方式的不同,裸导线可分为一种金属或两种金属的绞线。 一种金属的多股绞线有铜绞线、 铝绞线、 镀锌钢绞线等。 由于输电线路采用较少,故这里不作介绍。 两种金属的多股绞线主要是钢芯铝绞线, 绞线的优点是 易弯曲。绞线的相邻两层绕向相反,一则不易反劲松股,再 则每层导线之间距离较大, 增大线径, 有利于降低电晕损耗。 钢芯铝线除正常型外,还有减轻型和加强型两种。见图 4-1222。 二、杆塔 杆塔是电杆和铁塔的总称。 杆塔的用途是支持导线和避雷线, 以使导线之间、 导线与避、 导线与地面及交叉跨越物之间保持一定的安全距离。杆塔现场水泥杆图如下: 图 4-1222

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

图5 (一)杆塔按材料分类 一般可以按原材料分为水泥杆和铁塔两种。 1、水泥杆(钢筋混凝土杆) 电杆是由环形断面的钢筋混凝土杆段组成,其特点是结构简单、加工方便,使用的砂、 石、水泥等材料便于供应,并且价格便宜。混凝土有一定的耐腐蚀性,故电杆寿命较长,维 护量少。与铁塔相比,钢材消耗少,线路造价低,但重量大,运输比较困难。 水泥杆有非预应力钢筋混凝土杆和浇制前对钢筋预加一定张力拉伸的预应力钢筋混凝 土杆两种。目前,输电线路使用较多的是非预应力杆。 2、铁塔 铁塔是用型钢组装成的立体桁架, 可根据工程需要做成各种高度和不同形式的铁塔。 铁 塔有钢管塔和型钢塔。铁塔机械强度大,使用年限长,维修工作量少,但耗钢材量大、价格 较贵。在变电所进出线和通道狭窄地段 35~110kV 可采用双回路窄基铁塔。 (二)杆塔按用途分类
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

82

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

按用途分为直线杆、耐张杆、转角杆、终端杆和特种杆五种。特种杆又包括:跨越通航 河流、铁路等的跨越杆,长距离输电线路的换位杆、分支杆。 1、直线杆 直线杆(见图 4-1a、g)又叫中间杆。它分布在耐张杆塔中间,数量最多,在*坦地区, 数量上占绝大部分。正常情况下,直线杆只承受垂直荷重(导线、地线、绝缘子串和覆冰重 量)和水*的风压。因此,直线杆一般比较轻便,机械强度较低。 2、耐张杆 耐张杆(见图 4-1d、e)也叫承力杆。为了防止线路断线时整条线路的直线杆塔顺线路 方向倾倒, 必须在一定距离的直线段两端设置能够承受断线时顺线路方向的导、 地线拉力的 杆塔,把断线影响限制在一定范围以内。两个耐张杆塔之间的距离叫耐张段。 3、转角杆 线路转角处的杆塔叫转角杆(见图 4-1b) 。正常情况下转角杆除承受导、地线的垂直荷 重和内角*分线方向风力水*荷重外,还要承受内角*分线方向导、地线全部拉力的合力。 转角杆的角度是指原有线路方向风的延长线和转角后线路方向之间的夹角,有转角 30°、 60°、90°之分。 4、终端杆 线路终端处的杆塔叫终端杆。 终端杆是装设在发电厂或变电所的线路末端杆塔。 终端杆 除承受导、地线垂直荷重和水*风力外,还要承受线路一侧的导、地线拉力,稳定性和机械 强度都应比较高。 5、特种杆 特种杆主要有换位杆、跨越杆和分支杆等。超过 10km 以上的输电线路要用换位杆进行 导线换位;跨越杆设在通航河流、铁路、主要公路及电线两侧,以保证跨越交叉垂直距离; 分支杆也叫“T”型杆或叫“T 接杆” ,它用在线路的分支处,以便接出分支线。 (三)水泥电杆的规格 水泥杆有等径环形水泥杆和锥形水泥杆两种。 等径环形水泥杆的梢径和根径相等, 有 300mm 和 400mm 两种, 一般制作成 9m、 6m 和 4.5m 等三种长度,使用时以电、气焊方式进行连接。 锥型水泥杆一般用在配电线路上,输电线路的转角杆塔、耐张杆塔、终端杆塔和直线杆 塔,均采用等径水泥杆。锥型水泥杆的梢径有 190mm 和 230mm 两种。 (四)横担(参见图 5)
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

杆塔通过横担将三相导线分隔一定距离, 用绝缘子和和具等将导线固定在横担上, 此外, 还需和地线保持一定的距离。因此,要求横担要有足够的机构强度和使导、地线在杆塔上的 布置合理,并保持导线各相间和对地(杆塔)有一定的安全距离。 横担按材料分为铁横担、瓷横担。横担按用途分为直线横担、耐张横担、转角横担。 三、绝缘子 绝缘子是一种隔电产品,一般是用电工陶瓷制成的,又叫瓷瓶。另外还有钢化玻璃制作 玻璃绝缘子和用硅橡胶制作的合成绝缘子。 绝缘子的用途是使导线之间以及导线和大地之间绝缘, 保证线路具有可靠的电气绝缘强 度,并用来固定导线,承受导线的垂直荷重和水*荷重。换句话说,绝缘子既要能满足电气 性能的要求,又要能满足机械强度的要求。 按照机械强度的要求,绝缘子串可组装成单串、双串、V 形串。对超高压线路或大跨越 等,由于导线的张力大,机械强度要求高,故有时采用三串或四串绝缘子。绝缘子串基本有 两大类,即悬垂绝缘串和耐张绝缘子串。悬垂绝缘子串用于直线杆塔上,耐张绝缘子串用于 耐张杆塔或转角、终端杆塔上。 1、普通型悬式瓷绝缘子 普通型悬式瓷绝缘子 (见图 4-2) 按金属附件连接方式可分为球型连接和槽型连接两种。 输电线路多采用球型连接。

图 4-2 普通型悬式瓷绝缘子

图 4-3 针式瓷绝缘子

图 4-4 耐污型悬式瓷绝缘子

2、针式绝缘子 针式绝缘子(见图 4-3) ,主要用于线路电压不超过 35kV,导线张力不大的直线杆或小 转角杆塔。优点是制造简易、价廉,缺点是耐雷水*不高,容易闪络。 3、耐污型悬式瓷绝缘子 普通瓷绝缘子只适用于正常地区,也就是说比较清洁的地区,如在污秽区使用,因它的

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of

different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

84

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

绝缘爬电距离较小, 易发生污闪事故, 所以在污秽区要使用耐污型悬式瓷绝缘子 (见图 4-4) , 以达到污秽区等级相适应的爬电距离,防止污闪事故发生。 4、悬式钢化玻璃绝缘子 悬式玻璃绝缘子(见图 4-5)具有重量轻、强度高,耐雷性能和耐高、低温性能均较好。 当绝缘子发生闪络时,其玻璃伞裙会自行爆裂。 5、瓷横担绝缘子 瓷横担(见图 4-6)绝缘水*高,自洁能力强,可减少人工清扫;能代替钢横担,节约 钢材;结构简单、安装方便、价格较低。

图 4-5 悬式钢化玻璃绝缘子

图 4-6 瓷横担绝缘子

图 4-7 合成绝缘子

6、合成绝缘子 合成绝缘子(见图 4-7)是一种新型的防污绝缘子,尤其适合污秽地区使用,能有效地 防止输电线路污闪事故的发生。它和耐污型悬式瓷绝缘子比较,具有体积小、重量轻、清扫 周期长、污闪电压高、不易破损、安装运输省力方便等优点。 四、电力线路金具 输电线路导线的自身连接及绝缘子连接成串, 导线、 绝缘子自身保护等所用附件称为线 路金具。线路金具在气候复杂、污秽程度不一的环境条件下运行,故要求金具应有足够的机 械强度、耐磨和耐腐蚀性。 金具的用途和分类 金具在架空电力线路中,主要用于支持、固定和接续导线及绝缘子连接成串,亦用于保 护导线和绝缘子。按金具的主要性能和用途,可分以下几类: 1、线夹类 线夹是用来握住导、地线的金具。根据使用情况,线夹分为耐张线夹(见图 4-8)和悬 垂线夹(见图 4-9)两类。
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

悬垂线夹用于直线杆塔上悬吊导、地线,并对导、地线应有一定的握力。 耐张线夹用于耐张、转角或终端杆塔,承受导、地线的拉力。用来紧固导线的终端,使 其固定在耐张绝缘子串上,也用于避雷线终端的固定及拉线的锚固。

图 4-8 耐张线夹

图 4-9 悬垂线夹

2、联结金具类 联结金具(见图 4-10)主要用于将悬式绝缘子组装成串,并将绝缘子串连接、悬挂在 杆塔横担上。线夹与绝缘子串的连接,拉线金具与杆塔的连接,均要使用联结金具,常用的 联结金具有球头挂环、碗头挂板,分别用于联结悬式绝缘子上端钢帽及下端钢脚,还有直角 挂板(一种转向金具,可按要求改变绝缘子串的连接方向) ,U 形挂环(直接将绝缘子串固 定在横担上) 、延长环(用于组装双联耐张绝缘子串等) 、二联板(用于将两串绝缘子组装成 双联绝缘子串)等。 联结金具型号的首字按产品名称首字而定,如 W 一碗头挂板,Z 一直角挂板。

a、球头挂环 b、U 形挂环

c、 碗头挂板

d、 直角挂板

e、延长环

f 、二联板

图 4-10

联结金具

3、接续金具类 接续金具(见图 4-11)用于接续各种导线、避雷线的端头。接续金具承担与导线相同 的电气负荷,大部分接续金具承担导线或避雷线的全部张力,以字母 J 表示。根据使用和安 装方法的不同,接续金具分为钳压、液压、爆压及螺栓连接等几类。

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of

different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

86

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

a、钳压接续管 图 4-11 接续金具

b、液压接续管

4、防护金具类 防护金具分为机械和电气两类。机械类防护金具是为防止导、地线因振动而造成断股, 电气类防护金具是为防止绝缘子因电压分布严重不均匀而过早损坏。 机械类有防振锤 (见图 4-12) 、预绞丝护线条(见图 4-13) 、重锤等;电气类金具有均压环(见图 4-14) ,屏蔽环等。

图 4-12

防振锤

图 4-13

预绞丝护线条

图 4-14

均压环

五、杆塔基础 架空电力线路杆塔的地下装置统称为基础。 基础用于稳定杆塔, 使杆塔不致因承受垂直 荷载、水*荷载、事故断线张力和外力作用而*巍⑾鲁粱蚯愕埂 杆塔基础分为电杆基础和铁塔基础两大类。 1、电杆基础 杆塔基础一般采用底盘、卡盘、拉线盘,即“三盘” 。 “三盘”通常用钢筋混凝土预制而 成,也可采用天然石料制作。底盘用于减少杆根底部地基承受的下压力,防止电杆下沉。卡 盘用于增加杆塔的抗倾覆力, 防止电杆倾斜。 拉线盘用于增加拉线的抗拔力, 防止拉线*巍 2、铁塔基础 铁塔基础根据铁塔类型、塔位地形、地质及施工条件等具体情况确定。常用的基础有现 场浇制基础、预制钢筋混凝土基础、灌注桩式基础、金属基础、岩石基础。 3、铁塔地脚螺栓保护帽的浇制 地脚螺栓浇制保护帽是为了防止因丢失地脚螺母或螺母脱落而发生倒塔事故。 直线塔组 立后即可浇制保护帽,耐张塔在架线后浇制保护帽。 六、拉线 拉线用来*衡作用于杆塔的横向荷载和导线张力、 可减少杆塔材料的消耗量, 降低线路 造价。一方面提高杆塔的强度,承担外部荷载对杆塔的作用力,以减少杆塔的材料消耗量, 降低线路造价;另一方面,连同拉线棒和托线盘.一起将杆塔固定在地面上,以保证杆塔不
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

发生倾斜和倒塌。 拉线材料一般用镀锌钢绞线。 拉线上端是通过拉线抱箍和拉线相连接, 下部是通过可调 节的拉线金具与埋入地下的拉线棒、拉线盘相连接。 七、接地装置 架空地线在导线的上方, 它将通过每基杆塔的接地线或接地体与大地相连, 当雷击地线 时可迅速地将雷电流向大地中扩散,因此,输电线路的接地装置主要是泄导雷电流,降低杆 塔顶电位,保护线路绝缘不致击穿闪络。它与地线密切配合对导线起到了屏蔽作用。接地体 和接地线总称为接地装置。 1、接地体 接地体是指埋入地中并直接与大地接触的金属导体,分为自然接地体和人工接地体两 种。为减少相邻接地体之间的屏蔽作用,接地体之间的必须保持一定距离。为使接地体与大 地连接可靠,接地体同时必须有一定的长度。 2、接地线 架空电力线路杆塔与接地体连接的金属导体叫接地线。 对非预应力钢筋混凝土杆可以利 用内部钢筋作为接地线; 对预应力钢筋混凝土杆因其钢筋较细, 不允许通过较大的接地电流, 可以通过爬梯或者从避雷线上直接引下线与接地体连接。 铁塔本身就是导体, 故可将扁钢接 地体和铁塔腿进行连接即可。 八、电力电缆 电力电缆(见图 4-15)是电缆线路中的主要元件。一般敷设在地下的廊道内,其作用 是传输和分配电能。 电力电缆主要用于城区、 国防工程和电站等必须采用地下输电的部位。

图 4-15 电力电缆

1、电力电缆种类 目前我国普遍使用的电力电缆主要是交联聚乙烯绝缘电力电缆。
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

88

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

电力电缆种类大致有: (1)按电压等级可分为中、低压、高压、超高压电缆及特高压电缆。 (2)按电流制式分为交流电缆和直流电缆。 (3)按绝缘材料可分为油浸纸绝缘、塑料绝缘、橡胶绝缘以及*期发展起来的交联聚 乙烯等。 (4)接线芯校分为单芯、双芯、三芯和四芯等。 2、电力电缆的结构 电力电缆结构必须有线芯(又称导体) 、绝缘层、屏蔽层和保护层四部分组成。 (1)线芯:传输电流,指导功率传输方式,是电缆的主要部分; (2)绝缘层:将线芯与大地及不同相的线芯在电气上彼此隔离,承受电压,起绝缘作 用; (3)屏蔽层:消除导体表面不光滑而引期起的电场强度的增加使绝缘层和电缆导体有 较好的接触; (4)保护层:保护电缆绝缘不受外界杂质和水分的侵入和防止外力直接损伤电缆。

第二节

电力线路的巡视和维护

一、运行组织 (一)线路通道安全管理 由于输电线路距离长,分布广,受外力的影响较多,为保证线路安全运行,及时发现并 制止危及线路的*蛐形 输电线路的通道可采取分层承包的管理方法。 根据电力部门的 组织机构,各地设有县、乡供电部门,对经过县、乡管辖地域的输电线路通道,由县、乡供 电部门承包管理,线路产权单位(市供电部门)制订《线路通道承包管理条例》和《定期责 任考核办法》 ,并和承包单位签订线路通道管理承包协议书,且每年支付一定的承包费用。 (二)线路分界点管理 超高压输电线路大多为跨地区线路, 按照规程规定必须划分线路维护管理分界点。 划分 线路维护分界点的目的是为了明确线路维护职责,避免由于职责不清,出现管理“死角”而 导致事故的发生。 (三)线路人员培训
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

输电线路的运行维护人员数量,一般按所运行维护的线路长度确定,500kV 线路定员可 适当增加。 对线路运行人员应结合本单位的实际情况进行专业技术训练班, 组织技术规程学*, 技 术问答,反事故演*和事故预想,组织技术报告、技术讲座,学*先进工作方法,传授先进 经验,组织技术比武等。 (四)人员配置 各送电工区应设置专责工程师, 运行班和检修班应设技术员负责技术管理工作。 每个运 行班和检修班的成员应由初、中、高三种技术等级的工人适当组合而成,以充分发挥各级工 人的优势。巡线员必须由有一定检修经验的技工担任。 二、巡视与检查 输电线路的运行监视工作, 主要采取巡视和检查的方法。 通过巡视和检查来掌握线路运 行状况及周围环境的变化,以便及时发现缺陷和隐患,预防事故的发生,并为线路检修提供 内容,以确定检修的内容。 架空输电线路的巡视,按其工作性质和任务以及规定的时间不同,分定期巡视、特殊巡 间巡视、故障巡视、登杆巡视和登线巡视、夜间巡视、故障巡视、登杆巡视和登线巡视。 (一)定期巡视 定期巡视也叫正常巡视。 目的是为了全面掌握线路各部件的运行情况及沿线情况。 巡视 周期一般每月至少一次, 在干燥或多雾季节、 高峰负荷时期、 线路附*有施工作业等情况下, 应当对线路有关地段适当增加巡视次数,以便及时发现和掌握线路情况,采取对策,确保线 路安全运行。 (二)特殊巡视和夜间巡视 1、特殊巡视 特殊巡视是在发生导线结冰、雾、粘雪、冰雪、河水泛滥、山洪暴发、火灾、地震、狂 风暴雨等灾害情况之后,对线路的全段、某几段或某些元件进行仔细的巡视,查明是否有什 么异常现象,以及在线路异常运行和过负荷等特殊情况下进行的巡视。 2、夜间巡视 夜间巡视是为了检查导线连接器及绝缘子的缺陷。 夜间巡视应在线路负荷较大、 空气潮 湿、无月光的夜晚进行。因为在夜间可以发现白天巡线中不能发现的缺陷,如电晕现象;由 于绝缘子严重污秽而发生的表面闪络前的局部火花放电; 由于导线连接器接触不良, 当通过

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of

different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

90

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

负荷电流时温度上升很高,致使导线的接触部分烧红的现象等。 (三)故障巡视 当线路发生故障时。 需立即进行故障性巡视, 以查明线路接地及跳闸原因, 找出故障点, 查明故障情况。 故障巡线特别需要注意安全,如发生导线断落地面时,所有人员都应站在距故障点 8~ 10m 以设专人看守, 禁止任何人走*接地点, 并设法及时报告有关领导, 以便尽快组织抢修。 (四)登杆巡视 在地面检查较高杆塔上部的各部件看不清楚或发生疑问时, 可登杆塔并保持足够的带电 安全距离进行观察,如绝缘子顶面遭受雷击闪络痕迹、裂纹、开口销、弹簧销、螺帽是否处 在正常状态,导线与线夹接合处有无烧伤等。但登杆塔巡视必须在有人监护的情况下进行, 单人巡视时不得进行此项工作。 (五)登线巡视 登线巡视是为了弥补地面巡视的不足,一般只在个别地段进行,如爆破区、对导线有 腐蚀性质的污秽区、 有明显电晕现象的线档等, 登线巡视可以正确的检查出导线、 导线线夹、 间隔棒、连接管、补修金具的缺陷。 登线巡视最好结合停电检修进行, 必要时也可以带电进行, 但必须遵守带电作业有关规 定,确保人身和设备安全。 (六)巡线人员的主要工作内容 (1)按照巡线周期和对线路的巡视检查要点,做好线路的巡视检查。 (2)对巡视检查中新发现的缺陷及威胁线路安全运行的薄弱环节做好记录分析,经常 掌握线路缺陷底细及重大缺陷的变化规律, 督促领导及时处理重大缺陷, 按时填报缺陷单和 检修卡片。 (3)做好线路技术资料、图纸、台账的管理,不断积累运行经验。 (4)经常了解线路负荷情况。 (5)做好群众护线的宣传教育。 (6)参加线路基建、改进、大修工程的竣工验收及线路评级工作。 三、维护与管理 (一)绝缘子清扫 在潮湿天气情况下,脏污的绝缘子易发生闪络放电,所以必须清扫干净,恢复原有绝缘

as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

水*。一般地区一年清扫一次,污秽区每年清扫两次(雾季前进行一次) 。 1、停电清扫 停电清扫就是在线路停电以后工人登杆用抹布擦拭。如擦不净时,可用湿布擦,也可以 用洗涤剂擦洗,如果还擦洗不净时,则应更换绝缘子或换合成绝缘子。 2、不停电清扫 一般是利用装有毛刷或绑以棉纱的绝缘杆, 在运行线路上擦绝缘子。 所使用绝缘杆的电 气性能及有效长度、人与带电部分的距离,都应符合相应电压等级的规定,操作时必须有专 人监护。 3、带电水冲洗 大水冲和小水冲两种方法。冲洗用水、操作杆有效长度、人与带电部距离等必须符合业 规程要求。 (二)杆塔的维护检修 1、杆塔部件缺少的处理 根据巡视结果提供的检修内容和图纸,补加铁塔角钢、螺栓、螺帽和脚钉、拉线棒、UT 型线夹和拉线等,及时恢复设备原有状态。 2、杆塔和拉线基础 一般杆塔、拉线基础周围被取土后可以培土处理,还可临时用草包装土垒成草包堆,再 根据现场情况设计混凝土石台护坡进行加固。 3、铁塔金属基础和拉线棒地下部分锈蚀检查和处理 金属基础和拉线地下部分一般都经过热 (电) 镀锌处理。 检查时, 可刮掉表层锈蚀部分, 用游标卡尺测量完各部分的尺寸,并做记录。金属基础防腐处理,一般采取两种办法。可以 在金属周围浇注一定厚度的火山灰质混凝土防护层, 另一种适合干旱地区的办法是涂刷防腐 漆。 4、杆塔倾斜调整 (1)新立的杆塔,因为回填土不实不匀,经过一段时间运行或经过风雨后,杆塔本体 易产生倾斜,因此,在投入运行的第一年中要经常调整拉线扶正杆塔。 (2)转角杆的倾斜,一是停电将导、地线松解,先调整电杆,收紧拉线,然后调整导、 地线弛度后挂线。另一种是带电处理,增加适当的拉线,与原有拉线同时缓慢收紧拉线,调 整横担吊杆,增设横梁以减小电杆挠曲,在统一指挥下施工,最后达到扶正电杆的目的。 5、电杆损坏修补和铁塔生锈刷油漆
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

92

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

电杆由于制造质量差、运输过程中碰撞或施工、运行中局部弯曲力过大,在经过长期运 行后,电杆的个别部位会出现裂纹、裂缝,水泥脱落露钢筋,甚至出现孔洞。对裂缝宽可涂 刷环氧树脂水泥浆防水层,以防钢筋与大气接触,减少锈蚀程度或采用喷水泥砂浆法修补。 6、导线和避雷线断股检查 导线和避雷线在档距中部断股可以通过巡视发现, 但导线与避雷线在线夹内的断股则不 易发现。这种断股应打开线夹检查, ,一般应停电进行。 7、保护区内砍伐树木 对保护区内树木和保护区外超高的树木, 当生长高度不满足对线路的安全距离时, 对线 路安全将构成威胁,必须有计划的及时砍伐,以使树木与线路间保持一定的安全距离。 (三)电力线路防风 风对线路的危害,除了大风引起倒杆、歪杆、断线等造成架空电力线路停电事故外,还 会因风在较低风速或中等风速情况下使导线和避雷线引起振动,发生导线损伤或导线跳跃, 造成碰线、混线闪络事故,严重时会因导线振动造成断线、倒杆、断杆事故。 线路防风措施:安装防震锤或加装护线条,减少发生振动的机率。适当调整导线弧垂, 降低*均运行应力可将轻导线的振动,加强线路维护,提高安装和检修质量。采取加长导线 横担、加强导线间距离等措施。 (四)电力线路雷害 线路上的防雷,可在特殊地段加装、测雷附属设施(如:线路避雷器、磁钢棒、光导纤 维、招弧角、可控避雷针、耦合地线等) ,并建立设备档案及运行记录并密切加以监视,及 时记录雷击动作情况。还应建立必要的检修、试验、轮换制度,确保装置运行的可靠性。 对输电线路本体上的防雷设施(绝缘子、避雷线、放电间隙、屏蔽线、接地引下线、 接地体等) ,应按周期进行巡视和检查;及时对损坏的防雷设施加以修复或更换。雷击 多发区加强接地电阻的测试,接地电阻有变化时应及时查明原因,进行整改,保证接地 装置合格与完好。 (五)电力线路防污 输电线路长期暴露在大自然中, 特别是在工业区域和盐碱地区域, 输电线路经常受 到工业废气或自然界盐碱、粉尘等污染,通常在其表面会形成一定的污秽。在气候干燥 的情况下,污秽层的电阻很大,对运行没有危险。但是,当遇到潮湿气候条件下,污秽 层被湿润,此时就可能发生污秽闪络。 (六)电力线路防腐蚀
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

铁塔、混泥土杆以及金属的金属构件都由钢铁材料制成。铁与大气中的氧、二氧化 碳、酸和盐等物质极易产生化学反应,俗称生锈。塔材在锈蚀后,截面迅速减小,强度 降低,造成倒杆、断线事故。绝缘子悬挂点,塔材锈蚀物随雨水淌到绝缘子上,会大大 降低其绝缘强度,引发污闪事故。 利用电镀或热度锌, 可以在钢铁的外层包裹上一层化学性质稳定、 不易发生腐蚀的 金属锌,从而使其同大气中的有害成分隔绝,达到防止腐蚀的目的。另外,还可以在镀 锌塔材表面涂刷一层防化学腐蚀的油漆,以达到防腐的目的。 (七)电力线路防止鸟害 鸟类在输电线路杆塔上叼树枝、铁丝、柴草等物筑巢,当铁丝或鸟巢等物落在横担与导 线之间, 会造成线路故障。 体型较大的鸟类或鸟类争斗时飞行在导线间可能造成相间短路或 单相接地故障。鸟在绝缘子上方排泄,粪便会沿绝缘子串下淌,在空气潮湿、大雾时易发生 闪络或造成单相接地。 防鸟害,一是加装防鸟器和防鸟罩办法,限制了鸟类在输电线路上活动的范围;二是彻 底拆掉鸟巢,根据鸟类的恋居性,经常在同一地点反复筑巢的特点,做到随筑随拆,迫使鸟 类迁移;三是根据鸟害出现的季节性,制订了巡视周期,在鸟害高发期,针对严重区域增加 巡视,缩短巡视周期。 (八)电力线防止路外力破坏 输电线路遭受外力破坏往往是难以预测或突然发生的,其危害性很大。 为防止人为故意破坏应对易于发生人为故意破坏的线路或区段, 应加强线路巡视, 必要 时可缩短巡视周期或增加特巡, 及时掌握邻*或进入保护区内出现的各种施工作业 (建筑施 工、种植树木等)情况;在铁塔主材各接头部位的螺栓、距地面以上一定高度(至少 8m) 以内及拉线下部的螺栓, 应采用防盗螺栓或其他防盗措施; 加强电力设施保护的宣传,使 《电 力法》 、 《电力设施保护条例》及《电力设施保护条例实施细则》等法规广为人知;建立健全 群众护线制度,明确群众护线员职责并落实报酬,充分发挥其作用;配合地方政府堵塞销赃 渠道,在必要地方及线路附*或杆塔上加挂警告牌或宣传告示。 (九)电力电缆的维护 1、电缆线路的巡视 线路巡视应由专人负责,并根据具体情况制定电缆线路的巡视周期、检查项目,较大的 电缆网络还可分块,配备充足的人员进行巡视工作。巡视中发现的缺陷,应分轻重缓急,采 取对策及时处理,并做好记录,归入资料专档。根据电缆线路负荷、季节及基建工程的具体
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

94

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd part y work fragmented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's politi cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, ri gorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identify gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

情况,应增加巡视次数,必要时应进行夜间巡视、特殊天气巡视及电缆线路负荷高峰期间的 巡视。 2、电缆线路的监护 电缆线路的事故,多数是由于外力机械的损坏而造成。为了防止电缆线路的外力损坏, 必须重视挖掘监护工作。 经运行部门同意在电缆线路保护范围内进行施工的工程, 由运行部 门通知运行班组派人到现场监护。监护人员应向施工单位介绍电缆线路的走廊、走向、埋设 深度等。并按电缆线路的装置要求,指导施工人员做好电缆线路的临时保护措施。 四、电力线路的技术管理 (一)线路缺陷管理 线路缺陷管理是管好、修好线路的重要环节。及时发现和消除线路缺陷,是提高线路健 康水*、保证线路安全运行的基础。运行中的线路部件,凡有不符合有关技术标准规定者, 都叫做线路缺陷。 线路缺陷主要从四个方面发现,即巡线、检修、测试和其他方式。 运行班根据缺陷情况,分别列入年、季、月度检修计划或大修中予以消除。 线路设备缺陷按设备缺陷的严重程度分为一般缺陷、重大缺陷和紧急缺陷三类: (二)线路评级管理 空输电线路设备评级工作是掌握和分析设备运行状况、 加强设备管理、 有计划地提高设 备健康水*的一项有效措施, 为线路安全运行提供可靠的物资基础。 它不仅是线路技术管理 的一项基础工作, 而且又是企业管理重要的考核指标之一。 通过设备评级, 真正把设备用好、 修好、管好,使设备经常保持在健康状况下安全经济运行。线路设备评级由线路工区(线路 队)每半年进行一次,提出评级意见,报地(市)供电局生技科核定。 五、线路标准化作业 线路标准化作业是为强化生产现场标准化作业管理, 规范生产作业人员行为和生产管理 流程,做到作业有秩序、安全有措施、质量有标准、考核有依据,实现对作业现场安全与质 量的全过程控制,它具有强制性和实用性、可操作性强等特点。 线路标准化作业指导书是对每一项作业按照全过程控制的要求,对作业计划、准备、实 施、总结等各个环节,明确具体操作的方法、步骤、措施、标准和人员责任,依据工作流程 组合成的执行文件。内容包括线路设备的运行检修、缺陷管理、技术监督、反措和安全要求 等, 注重作业的策划和设计, 强调对现场实际进行危险点分析, 做到作业活动全过程的细化、
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l sy stem for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, every day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition an d style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . g rasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng content a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, wi th conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party members t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket B ooks, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, stre ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party memb ers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not off ice r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of the ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opp ortunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems before not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive t o create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strictly admi nist ering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss indifference , and party work mis sing, for subject re sponsi bilit y, and "a gang double accountability" imple mentation not in place, and put busine ss work a nd party work frag mented from of pr oblem, for those t hink are w ind anti-corruption effect economi c devel opme nt, errors vie ws, set full strictly rule party forever in roa d of thought, set grasp party is maximum achiev ement, and ca ught ba d party is not compete nt, and not caug ht party is derelicti on of of consci ousne ss, insisted t hought party a nd system rul e party cl ose combi ned, stre ngthe ned a ccordi ng to rule s rule party cons ciousne ss, Take responsibility for the party the party. Exercise to cons ciously acce pt the party's polit i cal life, adhere to t he pri nci ple of dem ocratic centrali sm, seriously carry out critici sm and self critici sm, rigorous da ily management a nd supervisi on of party members, ca dres, a nd mai ntain pre ssur e against corruption. To improve styl e, cultivating good family tradition, care of families of the childre n and staff, press ", clear" pri nci ple correctly handle the relationshi p betw een G overnme nt and busine ss, to create fresh politi cal ecology and the politi cs of envir onme nt. Gras ping the learni ng content, t he lear ning needs of more tha n at the same time, both party members and leadi ng ca dres, a nd als o pra ctice j ob practice study well Ge neral Secretary XI Jinping on local work i n this fiel d importa nt spe eches and dire ctives, further unify their thinki ng and acti on, clear work obj ectives a nd directi on. To control meas ures in t he s peech requir ement, implementati on a nalysis , identif y gaps and weakne sses , target put forward spe cific meas ures to stre ngthe n and im prove the work, e nsuri ng the spirit la ndi ng implementati on. T hird, lear n about ways t o highlig ht the features of regular educati on, sti ck with the party bra nch

量化、标准化,保证作业过程处于“可控、在控、能控”状态,减少偏差和错误,以获得最 佳秩序和效果。

第三节

电力线路检修

一、电力线路检修的准备 (一)检修原则 (1)设备检修是输电线路生产管理工作的重点内容之一。各级生产管理部门和运行单 位必须加强线路的检修管理,认真做好检修工作,保持设备处于健康完好的状态。 (2)必须贯彻“预防为主”的方针,坚持“应修必修,修必修好”的原则,按线路巡 视、各种检测和数据分析的结果安排检修作业项目。条件成熟的也可开展状态检修。 (3)根据具体情况采取停电或带电作业方式进行检修,尽量减少停电检修次数,提高线 路的可用率。 (二)检修设计 线路检修工作应进行检修设计,即使是事故抢修,在可能的条件下,也应进行检修 设计。每年的检修工作应根据线路的缺陷情况,线路运行测试结果,反事故技术措施要 求,行之有效的新技术、新材料及技术革新,上级颁布的相关技术资料进行检修设计。 检修设计的内容应包括:杆塔结构变动情况的图纸,杆塔及导线限距的计算结果, 杆塔及导线的受力复核,检修方案的比较,需加工的设备材料图纸,检修施工需达到的 目的及效果等。 (三)检修材料及工具准备 检修工作开始前,应根据检修工作计划中的检修项目编报材料,工具计划表,必须 的材料及备品备件。检修材料需事先加工好,进行电气强度试验、机械强度试验,并做 好相关记录。检查必要的工器具、运输工具、起吊工具等。 此外,还要准备好检修工作的场地。对于准备好的材料及工器具,需事前运到工地 现场的,经大运及小运搬运至检修工作现场。其它小材料,应存放在特定场所或由检修 人员带到现场。 (四)检修施工组织 线路检修作业需根据施工现场情况, 将施工人员分为若干班组, 并制定班组的负责 人及班组安全负责人,还需制定材料、工程运输、工程技术管理和相关记录的人员。
as the ba sic unit"Three le ss ons" the Organizati on a s the ba sic form of the party, to carry out t he daily ma nagement of party members such a s democratic a ppraisa l system for basi c support, well, int o the s chool , education and training of the party School of the cha nnel, i nto regul ar, eve ry day work on a better obje ctive worl d and remolding of s ubje ctive worl d. You want to combi ne studying t he party's histor y, and make good use of the gutia n meeting, caixixiang s urvey, Gu We nchang spirit, Zhan H ongli old story a nd t he County of Sue area, Us hida agai nst "encircleme nt" site of the forward command post, Fujian a nd Jiangxi provinces East County Soviet gover nment site, contine nts, s uch as site of the negotiati ons betwee n the KMT a nd a wealt h of resource s, carry forward t he party's fine tradition and style, making it a s piritual power for party members and ca dres. To conta ct focus on party members and ca dres ' ide ologi cal and pra ctical w ork, persi st in combi ning positive e ducation and t he reverse 。 款 条 本 订 制 定 相 法 办 关 有 据 依 险 风 避 规 时 同 化 大 最 益 方 双 司 公 现 实 权 、 责 与 部 业 事 沙 长 确 明 能 利 赢 高 提 , 度 力 控 监 程 过 的 人 包 承 对 及 以 理 管 目 项 强 加 为 side war ning, t o advanced model s as a mirror, to negative examples a s a warni ng. To local conditions, one poli cy, preventi ng the pot, one size fits all, a nd flood irrigati on to prevent formalism and the moti ons t o preve nt routi ne aside, preve nting easy to ope n, how many notes do to j udge st udy results. 1 . grasp the self-st udy. Party members a ccording t o their a ctual w ork and nee d to devel op le arning plans, choose their ow n learni ng c ontent a nd methods, really educate yourself. Party leadi ng ca dres s hould read, learn, a nd understanding of the original principle, with conviction, wit h affection, with a missi on t o learn, wit h iss ue. All party branche s to strengt hen the party member s t o learn s pe cific gui dance pr oposed le arni ng requireme nts, preparation of simple , popul ar study material s publis hed maki ng Pocket Books, mi cro-micro-vide o animati on, using mi cro-party lect ures, meet party members ' diverse nee ds of different groups . Through readi ng activities a nd k nowl edge competiti ons , learning outcomes, a nd stimulate t he ent hus iasm of party members to study a nd i nitiative. 2. impr ove inte nsive di scussi ons. 1 thematic focus on each bra nch per quarter. Colle ctive lear ning bra nch to organize party member s, each study to determi ne on the topic, ev ery party member must make presentati ons a nd dis cus sions around topi cs. A uthorities a nd institutions of the party where the party members to parti cipate i n coll ective lear ning time of 12 days, total of 6 day s of other party members. Party groups organi ze regular party members to focus on. Fir st topi c is "belief and faith, str e ngthen four kinds of cons cious ness", t he time in 4 -6 mont hs; t he se cond theme i s "commitment to a disci pline d bottom line, l ofty sentiment" time in 7 -9 mont hs; t he thir d topi c is "party members a dhere to the fundame ntal pur pose, play" time in 1 0-1 2 months. Each bra nch can be pra ctical, for further refinement and di scussi on topics ca n als o be adjuste d accordi ng to the nee ds, reflecti ng the characteri stics of

different groups of party members, party members, a nd on the . Party dis cussi on s hould clos e "service development, a nd impr oving gover nment organ's style, e nhance the efficie ncy of a uthoritie s, to create first-clas s performance" topi c, non -publi c economic organizati ons a nd i nstituti ons party dis cus sion shoul d stick to "to become business development pi oneer, l ove Dedi cated pioneers, i ntegrity pionee r, prom ote harmony pionee r, pi one er love "theme. 3 . tell a good party le cture. Party m embers and leadi ng ca dres shoul d take the lea d in to t he branch give a Party lecture . "71", branch i n

96

the economic dev elopment in t he ne w normal Of awarene ss error s, de ep aware nes s economic deve lopme nt ne w normal of obj ective i nevitabilit y, preve nt one-side dne ss, a nd sim plistic, ca nnot t o whet her on hims elf favourable to j udge new normal ba d; cannot put ne w normal a s a ba sket , what a re to in loa ded; ca nnot put new normal as hav en, put w ork bad do, a nd didn't dry good of reasons are due Yu new normal, for not office r, and not devel opment find excuses. Actively promote t he s upply side of struct ural reforms and impleme nt the CPC Central Committee define d "five pillars of poli cy" and "five prioritie s", implement t he major deci sions a nd arrang ements of t he ce ntral support accelerated development of Fuji an, a g ood gra sp of the ol d Soviet areas, gre en development, preci sion significant opportunities to alleviate povert y. (4) lead to overcome difficult y, dare t o play. Dare not swor d, before maj or problems be fore not to grasp t he nettle and on front, afraid to come forward before the crisi s and error can't bear re spons ibilit y, not firmly fight these iss ues before the ev il, strengt hen t he se nse of res ponsi bility, to take charge. Don't want to under the new sit uation, not as good as i ssues, e nha nce vig or, growing new skill s, ne w, do dry dry dry a ctive, do we want t o do g ood, to ta ke Shi Liuyi n, grasping the ir on mark stre ngth and har d work toget her create a me ntal state of implementati on, reform and development of the promoter a nd the doers. Insist on seeki ng truth, act accor ding to t he law, establi sh the corr ect achieveme nts view, and strive to create a sta nd t he ins pecti on of pra ctice , pe ople a nd history of performance. (5) the lead i n impleme ntation of strict ly admi nistering t he party res ponsi ble. For t ube party rule party poor, a nd party consci ousne ss in

相关推荐

最新更新

猜你喜欢